How to choose the right tiles?



CHOOSING THE RIGHT SURFACE

It is important to choose the right floor tiles for your projects, wet areas such as the shower or wet kitchen requires a higher degree of slip resistance than a dry area.

The slip resistance is usually measured using the sliding method on an inclined surface (oil-wet ramp), a method derived from the German Institute for Standardization (DIN 51130). DIN classifies slippage into five groups – R9 to R13 – based on its level of inclination, measured in degrees. The higher the R-rating is, the higher its slip resistance. For tiles that are smooth or polished on the surface, a lower rating will be recorded and for tiles that are rough on the surface, the rating will be higher. Do not fret on the technicality as Niro Granite’s e-store has categorized our tiles according to its best-used application – Living Room, Dining Area, Bathroom, Kitchen and Outdoors.


WHERE TO USE TILES?

Because of its exceptional properties, porcelain tiles have become the flooring of recent years. It is the most durable of the hard body tiles, 30% harder than granite. Porcelain tiles were previously used in smaller mosaics residentially, while larger tiles were manufactured for mostly commercial use. Today, with new methods of manufacturing, beautiful new styles and more competitive pricing, they are a hot trend. When installed properly, they should last forever. Polished porcelains are virtually impossible to scratch, functional and beautiful, a sure-fire hit for any home improvement project. Porcelain tiles can be used on any floor or wall of your area depending on your needs and creativity.



The bathroom is the one place that just about anything the e-shop has can be used. The only limitations are basically the upkeep you want to put in, and slip resistance on the floors of your bathroom and shower. Now, although porcelain tile is basically maintenance free, you do not want to use something with a texture to it that will catch all sorts of dirt in the shower, making it more difficult to keep clean. At the same time, you do not want to use a polished tile for the shower floor either. Both of these CAN be used, but again, it comes down to upkeep for textured wall tile, and doing something to rectify the slippery floor. For safety in wet areas or in flooring applications where accessibility is a concern, use a tile that is higher in slip resistance or R-rating.



The kitchen is another area where you can apply porcelain tiles liberally – backsplash, counter top and flooring are places where the aesthetics of Niro Granite’s porcelain tiles add lustre. In Asia, the wet kitchen is a necessity; here is where polished tiles can be used for the walls and a slightly structured surface for the floor. The polished surface will make clean-up of oil and sauce splashes a breeze while the slightly structured flooring will provide a non-slip surface should you have accidental water or oil spill.

The areas of usage for porcelain tiles are endless. However, our advice is to always check with us to confirm your intended use of a tile.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT SURFACES, SIZES, SHADES AND COLOURS THAT NIRO GRANITE OFFERS?


Sizes,surfaces and colours

In line with Niro Granite’s everlasting and minimalist concept, Niro Granite’s tiles are based on neutral and earthy tone of White, Beige, Brown, Grey and Black.

Niro Granite porcelain tiles are available in sizes of 300x600mm and 600x600mm for most of our series. Our ‘wood’ series consists of 150x600mm and 150x900mm varieties. Some of our latest products are also available in 600x1200mm and 600x900mm sizes.

Niro Granite tiles are produced in various surfaces – Polished, Honed, Lappato, Matt/Unpolished and Structured/Textured.



Shades variability

It is the characteristic for porcelain tiles to have a variety of shade and tonalities. Each Niro Granite series is assigned a colour shade variation indicator to ease your selection prior to making your purchase.

The shade and tonalities indicators are:



V1 – UNIFORM from tile to tile:

The range of colours and tones within the same shade is relatively uniform from tile to tile. When installed, this tile shade provides a uniform appearance and gives your floors and walls an even conformity.


V2 – SLIGHTLY noticeable from tile to tile:

The range of colours and tones within the same shade is slightly noticeable from tile to tile. When installed, there are clearly distinguishable differences in design or pattern with similar or slight change in colour tones that adds a refined modulation to floors and walls.


V3 – MODERATELY noticeable from tile to tile:

The range of colours and tones within the same shade is moderately noticeable from tile to tile. When installed, there are clearly distinguishable differences in design or pattern in the same colour range that highlights lustrous texture variations.


V4 – DISTINCTLY noticeable from tile to tile:

The range of colours and tones within the same shade is distinctly different from tile to tile. When installed, random colours are visible from tile to tile that creates customized floors which allow for unique and rich statements to emerge.



Do note that:

1. On delivery prior to laying the tiles, check the tiles in all cartons to ensure tiles are of the same colour
2. Ensure that each carton box has the same code number. Niro Granite’s will endeavour to ensure the tiles you purchase are from the same batch and minimize shade variation.

WHAT ARE LAYOUT PATTERNS?

When it comes to tile flooring, imagination and creativity is the only limitation of installing tiles. It can adapt in any place with any pattern. It can be more than just a “square”. Choosing the perfect layout pattern for your floor or wall tiling can be one of the hardest yet most interesting part of the project. You need to get the right fit for the size of tile you are using and the look that complements your room space.

Floor tiles bring an attractive, easy-to-maintain surface to floors in rooms both large and small. Tiles are known to define the texture of a space, emphasizing the cool crispness or soft warmth of your overall décor. The wide variety of styles and sizes available can make choosing the right tile a concern, especially if your goal is to make your room look larger.

Tiles are now manufactured in many sizes. Sizes 300x600mm and 600x600mm are the most common nowadays. Professionals agree that large format tiles convey a sense of greater space even in small rooms. The lesser interruption of the flooring surface with grout lines conveys a sense of larger space. Small tiles and increased grout lines can create a floor that looks busy or elaborate. To create an increased visual expanse of the floor, use grouting of the same or nearly the same colour as the tile.

Mixing square and rectangular tiles in the same colour and texture provides subtle visual variety without drastically affecting the sense of space. Constructing a seemingly random pattern of various tile sizes takes some skill but will expand visual space more effectively than creating borders or edgings. You may wish to seek the help of Niro Granite’s in-house designer in mixing sizes, so that all tiles are of the same thickness or calibre.

One of the most effective strategies for using large tiles in small spaces is to lay the tiles diagonally. A diamond pattern, rather than a checkerboard, prevents the viewer from measuring space in tiles down vs. tiles across. The only limitation to diagonal patterns is a room with many alcoves, doorways or other interruptions of wall space. A room with frequently interrupted wall space presents many challenges to laying tile diagonally. It may also impose limitations on using very large tiles. A floor with many partial or cut-down tiles looks constricted rather than spacious.

There are many exciting layout patterns to choose from – and so many ways to use them to your space’s best advantage. When laying multiple sized tiles, it is crucial that you order the right quantities of each size. Look out for our layout pattern guide. It will provide you inspirations and ideas to alter the appearance or scale of your space and the percentages needed for purchasing.

WHAT ARE TILE JOINT AND GROUTING?

Tile joint is the allocation of space between tiles is necessary to relief tile installation of any local stresses. It is recommended to leave a tile joint of 3 to 5mm. However, for brick-laying for large format tiles, we recommend a grout joint of 5 to 6mm due to higher latent tension.

Grout is the material visible between tiles. It is used to fill the tile joint between tiles and to support them. Grout is an important part of any finished tiling work. Grouting is done using cement-based products or epoxy-based resins. There are basically two types of cement-based grout: sanded and un-sanded.